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Local Specialities

Local Specialities

A far-flung list of leaders in specific areas of biotech innovation proves there’s plenty of room at the top



Greatest publicly traded company revenues:
United States
United Kingdom
Australia

Most publicly traded companies:
United States
Australia
Canada/France

Greatest publicly traded company market capitalization:
United States
United Kingdom
Australia

Most publicly traded company employees:
United States
Australia
France

Greatest revenue per publicly traded company:
Hong Kong (only has one company)
United States
Denmark

Greatest revenue per publicly traded company employee:
United Kingdom
United States
Switzerland

Strongest measured patent protection:
United States

Greatest perceived patent strength:
Finland
Luxembourg
Singapore/Sweden

Greatest percentage of patents in biotechnology:
Denmark
New Zealand
Singapore

Greatest enterprise support:
Singapore
United States
Hong Kong

Greatest venture capital availability:
Qatar
Malaysia
Singapore

Most Ph.D. graduates in life sciences per capita:
New Zealand
Canada/United Kingdom

Most R&D personnel per total employment:
Israel
Denmark
Finland

Best talent retention (most U.S.-trained doctorate graduates intending to return home):
Saudi Arabia
Thailand
Chile

Worst brain drain (most U.S.-trained doctorate graduates intending to stay in the United States):
India
China
Russia/Ukraine

Best brain gain (share of global graduate students):
United States
United Kingdom
France

Greatest business expenditures on R&D (% of GDP):
Israel
South Korea
Japan

Gross expenditures on R&D (% of GDP):
Israel
South Korea
Finland

Best infrastructure quality:
Switzerland
Hong Kong/Singapore/United Arab Emirates

Strongest perceived entrepreneurship climate:
Sweden
Denmark
Switzerland

Best political stability:
New Zealand
Luxembourg
Austria

Greatest government effectiveness:
Singapore
Switzerland
Finland

Greatest regulatory quality:
Singapore
Hong Kong
New Zealand

Best rule of law:
Finland
Norway
Denmark

Largest public markets for biotechnology:
United States
United Kingdom
Australia

Most growth in biotechnology public markets:
United States
United Kingdom